About the Elementary SSP
The Elementary School Success Profile in Brief
What is the ESSP?
The ESSP is the elementary school version of the SSP. It is designed for use with students in grades 3 through 5. The ESSP comprises three separate online questionnaires: The
ESSP for Children
ESSP for Parents
, and the
ESSP for Teachers
. The ESSP assesses all of the dimensions of the SSP that are relevant for younger children plus a number of additional dimensions. All new or adapted questions on the ESSP for Children have been tested with children in grades 3 through 5 to be sure they are understood by young children. For a brief overview of ESSP dimensions, go to the
Brief Overview of ESSP Dimensions
. The ESSP for Children and ESSP for Parents are available in English and Spanish, and in audio. Data from children, parents, and teachers are combined into four easy-to-read reports for school staff: an individual report for each child, and three group level reports (described below).
In addition to the ESSP assessment tool and its results, practitioners using the ESSP have access to intervention planning tools, a database of best practices, and a number of practice evaluation tools. All components of the ESSP and its supporting materials are available online.
The ESSP was developed in response to requests from practitioners using the middle and high school version of the SSP who wanted to be able to address student problems in elementary school, before they evolved into major threats to school success. Like the SSP, the ESSP allows practitioners to assess and address risk and protective factors known to be associated with adolescent behavior problems.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse funded the development of the ESSP as a screening tool to prevent adolescent academic and behavior problems. Development took place over six years and involved close to 700 children in 13 schools. Additional funding from the University of North Carolina (UNC) and the School of Social Work at UNC helped us also demonstrate that school staff lack the important information provided by the ESSP, value the information provided by the ESSP, and need information on best practices to use in conjunction with assessment data. Future NIDA-funded ESSP research will enhance the intervention resources available to users of the ESSP and test the impact of the ESSP Model of Assessment and Prevention on student outcomes.
In addition to the general information here, more details are available on these topics:
Description of the ESSP for Children
List of Questions from the ESSP for Children
List of Questions from the ESSP for Children in Spanish
Description of the ESSP for Parents
List of Questions from the ESSP for Parents
List of Questions from the ESSP for Parents in Spanish
Description of the ESSP for Teachers
List of Questions from the ESSP for Teachers
What ESSP Reports and Resources will Sites Receive?
Like the SSP, the ESSP is more than a questionnaire. School staff who administer the ESSP receive
(PDF) summarizing the information collected about each child, a
Summary Group Profile
(PDF) that summarizes the information for all students at a school, and a
Detailed Group Report
(PDF) that provides aggregate data on all questions not summarized in the profiles, and a
(PDF) that shows the percent of students at risk for each ESSP dimension. Profiles and Reports can be obtained via the mail or on-line.
School staff also gain access to a number of ESSP online resources. These resources include an Evidence-Based Practice database that is organized by ESSP dimensions. In the database practitioners can identify (a) highly-recommended, rigorously-tested programs, (b) promising practices that have been used with success and shared in print by practitioners or scholars, and (c) web and print resources that relate to the major domains of the ESSP. In addition, an ESSP discussion board will allow practitioners using the ESSP to share ideas, expertise, successful strategies, and questions with each other.
What is special about the ESSP?
Two aspects of the ESSP make it unique. First, Flying Bridge Technologies has developed a colorful, computerized format for the ESSP for Children. Graphics, animation, large print, progress markers, and other features make the ESSP for Children appealing to children. Just as important, however, these features help sustain children's interest and attention so they provide accurate answers throughout the ESSP. Children can choose to use the
at any time during the instruction or question screens of the ESSP. Therefore, children with lower reading skills can complete the ESSP without getting frustrated. In addition, the ESSP for Children can be completed
, either by reading the screens or using the audio function.
Second, the ESSP has been reviewed and tested by children, parents, teachers, and school staff. First and foremost,
the ESSP for Children was extensively tested with children
. During testing interviews, children used the computer to read and answer ESSP questions. They then told us about how they interpreted items and why they chose the answers they chose. We made a lot of changes to items on the ESSP based on what we learned from children! They showed us that young children often do not interpret our questions the way we meant them to be interpreted. After incorporating what we learned from children into the ESSP, we believe that most 3rd through 5th grade children can understand and accurately answer ESSP questions. Feedback from parents, teachers, and school staff throughout the development of the ESSP helped us develop the ESSP for Parents and the ESSP for Teachers and the ESSP Administration Manual that describes how to administer the ESSP. Finally, the Spanish translation of the child and parent questionnaires were also tested by a professional translator with Spanish-speaking children and adults from different backgrounds and from different countries of origin.